What Is Child Abuse?
According to the Child Abuse and Prevention Treatment Act (CAPTA), child abuse and neglect is defined as the following: "Any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or caretaker which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse or exploitation" or "An act or failure to act which presents an imminent risk of serious harm."
Physical abuse: Non-accidental physical injury to the child.
For more information on the definitions of abuse.
Recognizing the Signs and Symptoms of Child Abuse and Neglect.
Protecting Child Welfare and Preventing Abuse: A Guide for Social Workers and Educational Professionals
For the first time in Mennonite Church USA history, we have data regarding the incidence of sexual abuse or violation experienced by church members. According to the 2006 Church Member Profile, Mennonite Church USA church members report experiencing sexual abuse or violation in the following percentages:
|Yes, as a Child||11.9%||3.5%|
|Yes, as a Teen||7.8%||2.0%|
|Yes, as an Adult||4.2%||0.5%|
This means that more than 1 in 5 women in MC USA congregations have experienced sexual abuse or violation, most while they were children or teens. For men, the incidence of abuse experienced before the age of 20 is 5.5%.
From the CDC 2019: Child Sexual Abuse and Child Abuse and Neglect.
93% of juvenile sexual assault victims know their offender, 34.2% of attackers were family members and 58.7% were acquaintances and only 7% of the perpetrators were strangers to the victim.
How Do I Report?
Call either Child Protective Services (CPS).
VIRTUS online offers this site with a link to information on how to report child abuse in each state. For most states, they provide the name of the responsible state agency, the corresponding state statutes, plus agency websites and phone numbers as available.
You could also call the National Child Abuse Hotline at 1-800-4-A-CHILD (1-800-422-4453) and they will direct you.
Here is a summary of state laws regarding clergy as mandatory reporters of child abuse and neglect.